In Cuba's central region, the province of Sancti Spíritus, offers the visitor a varied spectacle: a succession of mountains and woods, while waters are distributed in rivers or arrive to its shores in form of serene waves.
The Sierra del Escambray is one of the most relevant orographic groups in Cuba and treasures also fragments of the Cuban history and the epical deeds having taken place in its heights.
Testimony of the development reached by Cuban sugar industry can be found in the Valle de los Ingenios (valley of mills), in which ruins of factories, summer houses, and barracks speak of the contrast between the inhuman life of African slaves and the opulence of their owners. Also preserved, the tower of Manaca Iznaga built in 1816, announced to all the valley with the tolling of its bell the beginning and end of the day-work.
It is precisely in El Escambray mountain range where the Topes de Collantes health resort offers the benefits of local climate and the services of a highly-qualified medical personnel. The visitor can there enjoy a protected natural landscape where orchids, arborescent ferns, and eucalypts grow.
Sport fishing lovers find an ideal place in Zaza dam, where there is abundance of fish, specially trout species, much requested by amateur fishers.
Quite near the city of Trinidad, the beach of María Aguilar amazes the visitor with shallow waters, letting show in the bottom, gorgonians, multiple species of coral, tropical fish, and chelonians. Of great importance in the area is the Marina Puertosol Cayo Blanco offering opportunities for anchoring and docking of boats.
Visitors can count also on the Cayo Blanco and Costa Sur centers, where they can take scuba lessons for beginners, rent scuba equipment, and carry out day or night-time immersions in sunken ships.
The protected area of El Naranjal, located in the heights of Banao, has an extension of 3000 ha (7407 acres) and treasures 212 fern species, 265 forestal ones, and 60 orchid ones. There are also varieties of birds and amphibious species.
The Jardines del Rey archipelago is located off the northern coast of the province. It has an extension of 22 000 ha (54 321 acres) and possesses a cave system including flooded ones like that of Cayo Zaguanes. There, we find the habitat of a freshwater sponge species, only of its kind in the globe.